Poultry industry has very strong roots in Pakistan as we just can’t see our dinner or lunch without chicken. That’s the main reason that the poultry industry flourished in last few decades and today enjoys the status of the second largest industry of Pakistan after textile. Now, the point is that what could be the reasons for one industry to develop at such a faster pace in a region? So, answering the question requires us to look in to the back ground of poultry in Pakistan.
In Pakistan the concept of commercial poultry rearing, hatching and feed milling was not known few decades ago. The back yard poultry was the only source of enriched animal protein. In back yard rearing we didn’t have the real growing or laying birds. In fact the birds were not kept for any kind of financial gains, rather to rear poultry was like rearing kids. I mean they were only reared and cared either they are profitable or not.
It was the start of 6th decade of the 20th century, when the Government of Pakistan felt the need of intensive Poultry rearing program by keeping in view the increased demand of white meat due to heavy growth in our population. So, it was in 1962 when Commercial Poultry was initially introduced in Pakistan by M/S Shaver’s of Canada with the help of PIA and that led to the formation of the PIA Shaver with the poultry sector. In its embryonic stages became a blue eyed to the government officials and the rearing or any kind of business relating poultry was announced to be Tax exempted. The first hatchery was then established in Karachi. Our government supported poultry industry in all aspects that helped the industry to develop rapidly.
As the Poultry was new in the region, the disease problems were obviously expected also, therefore in early 90’s Gumboro hits Broiler & Layer flocks and parent stock suffered heavy mortality resulting in great economical losses. After that incidence the efforts were made to get things on track by addressing Vaccination and Bio-Security issues very religiously. The shock was yet fresh in the mind of the farmers and Poultry entrepreneurs when in mid 90’s the new disease caught the Parent Flocks in the Northern Areas (Abbotabad and Mansera), where the mortality rate went up to 80% and the industry again suffered grave losses .Again in very next year in 1996 due to increased number of parent stock, the prices of chicken products fell down even below the cost of its production and the farmers again suffered heavy losses. This down fall misery continued till 1997 and ban on marriage food was imposed which reduced the consumption of poultry products by 40%.
Late 90’s led to the phase of stability in the poultry industry and farmers got good profit margin. New investors rushed into the poultry farming by adopting the new techniques of environment control houses and industry shifted from traditional conventional open houses to Semi and completely closed automated houses where the intensive rearing is done under one roof. In this transformation the industry shared huge investments from multinationals and the poultry over all flourished till 2004. In 2004 Avian Influenza hit the South East Asia and Pakistan Poultry Industry suffered heavily due its rumours. Imposition of ban on imports of poultry products by Middle East countries made things more miserable. This scary condition of the industry is yet prevailing. We experienced hike in the poultry market for a few months and then a long phase of depression due to selling our products below the cost of production.
The Up’s and Down’s are with every industry but poultry industry of Pakistan witness that quite too often. That’s why the industry is so very unpredictable but due to high profits and early returns it is still enjoying its place as 2nd Largest Industry of Pakistan. Present Poultry status in Pakistan as mentioned below:-
In its very initial days poultry industry was about 70% at Karachi and only 30% in Punjab & NWFP. It was 1984 when annual dinner was introduced at Karachi by Pakistan Poultry Association for the first time. Annual Mehfel-e-Ghazal was also arranged by Muhammad Afsar Qadri (Late). In 1990 on proposal of Mr. Yousaf Ehsan Khokhar, Annual Dinner was arranged in Punjab. This annual dinner gradually became so prominent feature for the Poultry Sector, that it transformed in to the National & International Poultry Congress. These congresses are held annually and dignitaries from all over the Pakistan and Abroad participate in the congress. Now it has become a mega event of poultry sector and Chief Ministers, Governor Punjab, Prime Minister of Pakistan and President of Pakistan are requested to issue their Messages, which are published in the beautiful Souvenir published on the occasion. Two days congress is organized to introduce new trends in poultry sector and Technical sessions are also arranged for the participants. An Exhibition by the companies related to the pharmaceutical sector, Feed mills, Grand parent and Breeder sector beautifully organized supplying all kind of knowledge for the are Following persons performed the responsibilities of Chief Organizer of the congresses:-
|S.No.||Name of Chief Organizer||Year||NPC/INPC|
|1||Dr. Muhammad Amjad / Mr. Raza Mehmood Khursand||1998, 1999 & 2000||1st, 2nd & 3rd NPCs|
|2||Mr. Raza Mehmood Khursand||2001||4th NPC|
|3||Mr. Abdul Hayee Mehta||2002||5th IPC|
|4||Mr. Raza Mehmood Khursand||2003||6th NPC|
|5||Dr. Hassan Sarosh Akram||2004||7th NPC|
|6||Mr. Khalid Salim Malik||2005||8th NPC CC Isl|
|7||Mr. Abdul Hayee Mehta||2006||9th IPC PC Lahore|
|8||Mr. Khalid Salim Malik||2007||10th IPC CCIsl|
|9||Mr. Abdul Haye Mehta||2008/09||11th NPC|
|10||Mr. Abdul Haye Mehta||2010||12th NAPFEX-2010|
|11||Dr. Ghulam Mehboob||2011||13th Napfex-2011|
|12||Mr. Khalid Saleem Malik||2012||14th IPex-2012|
|13||Mr. Raza Mehmood Khursand||2013||15th IPEX-2013|
|14||Ch. Shaukat Hussain||2014||16th IPEX-2014|
|15||Mr. Abdul Haye Mehta||2015||17th IPEX 2015|
|16||Mr. Raza Mehmood Khursand||2016||18th 2016|
|17||Mr. Abdul Haye Mehta||2017||19th 2017|